Who played the role of Mr. Brown | Which actor played Mr. BrownIan Abercrombie in The Public Eye Film released in 1992.Jacob (I) Abrams in Social Briars Film released in 1918.Erville Alderson in Mr. Lemon of Orange Film released in 1931.Kenroy Allen in America's Prince: The John F. Kennedy Jr. Story TV Film released in 2003.Sam Allnut in Shortland Street TV Series released in 1992.Daryl (I) Anderson in Days of Our Lives TV Series released in 1965.Gerald (I) Anderson in The Chiltern Hundreds Film released in 1949.Chriss Anglin in Sex and the USA Film released in 2008.Philip (III) Anthony in Baddiel's Syndrome TV Series released in 2001.Alexander Archdale in Just William TV Film released in 1951.Eddi Arent in Hilfe, ich liebe Zwillinge Film released in 1969.Charles Arling in A Scandinavian Scandal Film released in 1913.Chris Armstead in 48 Film released in 2005.Lee (I) Armstrong in What is Murphy's Law? Film released in 2014.Peter (I) Gawthorne in Jack's the Boy Film released in 1932.Peter Gayford in Singapore, Singapore Film released in 1967.Konrad Georg in Trubel um Trixie Film released in 1972.Billy (I) Gilbert in Dogs Is Dogs Film released in 1931.Jamie Gillis in Breaking It... A Story About Virgins Video released in 1984.Jack Ging in Little House on the Prairie TV Series released in 1974.Etienne Girardot in The New Stenographer Film released in 1914.Ron (I) Glass in Shirts/Skins TV Film released in 1973.David Gonet in Missing Film released in 2007.Dick (I) Gordon in Paula Film released in 1952.Carson (I) Grant in Winter Break Film released in 2013.Willoughby Gray in BBC Sunday-Night Theatre TV Series released in 1950.Kempton Greene in Fooling Uncle Film released in 1916.James Groom in The Man Who Stopped Film released in 2011.Robert Guillaume in The Outer Limits TV Series released in 1995.�lter Guitis in Castigo del fanfarr�n Film released in 1944.Martin (I) Haddow in Reservoir Dugs Video released in 2013.Sherry (I) Hall in The Fighting Devil Dogs Film released in 1938.Sherry (I) Hall in The Fighting Devil Dogs Film released in 1943.Sherry (I) Hall in Torpedo of Doom TV Film released in 1966.Paul Harber in Man from Del Rio Film released in 1956.James Harcourt in You're Telling Me! Film released in 1941.John (I) Harmon in Father Knows Best TV Series released in 1954.John (I) Harmon in Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre TV Series released in 1955.Alex (I) Harvey in Walker, Texas Ranger TV Series released in 1993.Kevin (III) Harvey in Being Eileen TV Series released in 2013.Thomas Hauff in Queer as Folk TV Series released in 2000.Frank Hayden in One Wish Too Many Film released in 1956.Harry (I) Hayden in Springtime in the Rockies Film released in 1942.Vernon Hayden in Jules Verne's Rocket to the Moon Film released in 1967.Tiger Haynes in Nothing Lasts Forever Film released in 1984.Vinton Hayworth in Mexican Spitfire Out West Film released in 1940.Dell Henderson in Little Orvie Film released in 1940.John Henley in Death to Charlie! Film released in 2006.Stuart (I) Henry in Adam Smith TV Series released in 1972.Ronald Herdman in Play for Today TV Series released in 1970.Jess Herring in Peaceful Valley Film released in 1920.Jimmy Hertz in The Chicken Film released in 1928.Werner Hessenland in Sherlock Holmes TV Series released in 1967.Herbert Heywood in Can't Help Singing Film released in 1944.Edward (I) Higgins in The Thompson Family TV Series released in 1957.Harry (I) Hill in The Moderns Film released in 1988.Hugh Hill in Quite Contrary Film released in 2005.Helmuth Hinzelmann in Familie Benthin Film released in 1950.Dominic Hoffman in Phil Spector TV Film released in 2013.Peter (IV) Holden in On a Tuesday Film released in 2007.Bernard Holley in Public Eye TV Series released in 1965.Stanley Holloway in Lionpower from MGM Film released in 1967.Harry Holman in When Tomorrow Comes Film released in 1939.Hap Holmwood in Family Affair TV Series released in 1966.Tim (I) Hopper in Personal Velocity: Three Portraits Film released in 2002.David Horovitch in Just William TV Series released in 1994.David Horovitch in Wire in the Blood TV Series released in 2002.John (I) Hubbard in The Mickey Rooney Show TV Series released in 1954.Alan Hulse in Chintz TV Series released in 1981.Geoffrey Hutchings in Hogfather TV Film released in 2006.Wm. Hutchison in Two Women and One Hat Film released in 1915.Peter Iacangelo in Gimme a Break! TV Series released in 1981.George S. Irving in The Patty Duke Show TV Series released in 1963.Rob Ismay in Distant Bridges Video released in 1999.Ron (I) Jarvis in We Deliver TV Series released in 2014.Arthur V. Johnson in Concealing a Burglar Film released in 1908.Kirk C. Johnson in Tale of Warning Video released in 2012.Eliud Kauffman in The Colors of Love Film released in 2012.Eliud Kauffman in The Colors of Love TV Series released in 2013.Robert (I) Keegan in A Kind of Loving TV Series released in 1982.Noah Keen in The Partridge Family TV Series released in 1970.Mark Kempner in Sweet N' Sour Recession Video released in 2010.Magnus Kesster in St�l Film released in 1940.Henry Kitts in David Garrick Film released in 1913.J. Kristopher in Tragedy of a Mother and Son Film released in 2012.Keith Kupferer in Detroit 1-8-7 TV Series released in 2010.Ferenc K�llai in Waterlooi csata TV Film released in 1982.Judson Laire in Dr. Kildare TV Series released in 1961.Robert Lankesheer in Dixon of Dock Green TV Series released in 1955.Frank LaRue in Haunted House Film released in 1940.Maurice Lazarus in Dead Beat Film released in 1994.Stanislav Ledinek in Spion f�r Deutschland Film released in 1956.Adam LeFevre in The Babysitters Film released in 2007.Edward LeSaint in If I Had a Million Film released in 1932.Fred Leslie in Patriotic Mrs. Brown Film released in 1916.Brian (I) Lipson in Stingers TV Series released in 1998.Kirk Little in Taking Out the Trash Film released in 2009.Desmond Llewelyn in Bunty Wins a Pup Film released in 1953.George (I) Lloyd in Cafe Hostess Film released in 1940.Buddy (I) Love in Slightly Used Video released in 1987.Ken (I) Love in Born to Ride Film released in 2011.Wilfred Lucas in This Marriage Business Film released in 1938.Fred Mace in Brown's Seance Film released in 1912.Fred Mace in His Own Fault Film released in 1912.Donald (I) Madden in Great Performances TV Series released in 1971.Billy (I) Maddox in Recoil Film released in 1998.Mako (I) in Wonder Woman TV Series released in 1975.Kevin G. Manley in Expectations Film released in 2014.David (XIV) Mann in Meet the Browns Film released in 2008.David (XIV) Mann in What's Done in the Dark Video released in 2008.David (XIV) Mann in House of Payne TV Series released in 2006.David (XIV) Mann in Meet the Browns TV Series released in 2009.Philipp Manning in Moritz macht sein Gl�ck Film released in 1931.Maurice (I) Manson in The Unholy Wife Film released in 1957.Maurice (I) Manson in The Donna Reed Show TV Series released in 1958.David Marciano in Take the Reins Film released in 2015.Garry Marsh in Just William's Luck Film released in 1947.Garry Marsh in William Comes to Town Film released in 1948.Ralph P. Martin in Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl Film released in 2003.Skip (II) Martin in Shirley's World TV Series released in 1971.Walter Mathews in The Bill Dana Show TV Series released in 1963.Ray McAnally in My Left Foot: The Story of Christy Brown Film released in 1989.J. Patrick McCormack in Witch Hunt TV Film released in 1994.J.N. McDowell in Cupid by Proxy Film released in 1918.Tom McElhaney in Lux Video Theatre TV Series released in 1950.Brian (VIII) McGee in Genre Machine Film released in 2012.Jack (I) McKenzie in Heartbeat TV Series released in 1992.Bill (I) McKinney in The Healers TV Film released in 1974.Dustin (I) McLean in Homemade Movies TV Series released in 2012.Gordon (I) McLeod in Just William TV Film released in 1946.Kevin (I) McNally in Room at the Top TV Series released in 2012.George Meader in Champagne for Caesar Film released in 1950.Tony Melody in Boon TV Series released in 1986.Taylor (II) Meyers in Suzy B. Film released in 2011.Norman Mills in Hetty Wainthropp Investigates TV Series released in 1996.Michael (XLIII) Mitchell in Cold Blood TV Series released in 2008.Alvy Moore in The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin Film released in 1967.Dennis (I) Moore in Yukon Manhunt Film released in 1951.Milburn Morante in Muchly Married Film released in 1916.Mike A. Moreno in Outshot Ltd. Film released in 2011.Yuki Nasaka in Rain Fall Film released in 2009.Marshall Neilan in The Cat and the Bonnet Film released in 1913.John Nesci in Shoot! Film released in 2001.Paul (I) Neville in Side Streets Film released in 1933.Peter (I) Newton in The Dick Francis Thriller: The Racing Game TV Series released in 1979.Bill Newyear in Interface Film released in 1985.Johnny Arthur in Open House Film released in 1926.Kieron Attwood in A Dozen Summers Film released in 2015.Dan (III) Avery in The Soft Touch Film released in 2011.Irving Bacon in Baby's Birthday Film released in 1929.William (I) Bailey in The Browns Have Visitors Film released in 1912.Walter (I) Baldwin in Peaceful Relations Film released in 1936.Bruno Barnabe in Centre Play TV Series released in 1973.Peter (II) Barnes in Grange Hill TV Series released in 1978.Bassim Baz in Reservoir Wolves Film released in 2001.Steve (I) Beauchamp in House of Cards TV Series released in 2013.Gordon Begg in Our Baby Film released in 1914.Hans (I) Nielsen in Krimi-Quiz - Amateure als Kriminalisten TV Series released in 1964.Leslie Nielsen in Four Rode Out Film released in 1970.Llu�s Nonell in La 'mini' t�a Film released in 1968.J.C. Nugent in Navy Blues Film released in 1929.Mike (IV) O'Malley in Casualty TV Series released in 1986.Herbert Patterson in Lassie TV Series released in 1954.Andrea Pellizzari in All You Can Dream Film released in 2012.Andrea Pellizzari in Mr Brown Is Back in Town Film released in 2010.Frank Pemberton in Arthur's Treasured Volumes TV Series released in 1960.Frank Pettingell in The Lucky Number Film released in 1932.Ronald Philips in Das Turm-Engele TV Film released in 1986.Barry (IX) Phillips in Respect the Jux Film released in 2015.Tim Pigott-Smith in Ma part du g�teau Film released in 2011.Dick Pointer in A Very Perfect Crime Film released in 2014.Hartley Power in Yes, Mr. Brown Film released in 1933.Damon Preston in The Boy Next Door Film released in 2008.Charles Puffy in Der Roman eines Dienstm�dchens Film released in 1921.B.S. Pully in Car 54, Where Are You? TV Series released in 1961.Herbert Ramskill in Sporting Scenes TV Series released in 1973.Harry L. Rattenberry in An Heiress for Two Film released in 1915.Martin (I) Read in Dixon of Dock Green TV Series released in 1955.Dean (I) Regan in The Commish TV Series released in 1991.Robert (I) Reiner in The Alfred Hitchcock Hour TV Series released in 1962.Reynaldo Rey in Who Made the Potatoe Salad? Film released in 2006.Ian (I) Rhodes in Distant Bridges Video released in 1999.Addison Richards in 3 Men in White Film released in 1944.Addison Richards in The St. Louis Kid Film released in 1934.Stu Richel in No Smoking in the Boys Room Film released in 2012.Richard Riehle in The Temerity of Zim Film released in 2008.Eric (I) Roberts in Avrora Film released in 2006.Craig (I) Robinson in Halfway Home TV Series released in 2007.Philip (I) Robson in The Banker's Daughter Film released in 1914.Brett Rockman in School Bus Girls Video released in 2002.David (I) Rolfe in Grange Hill TV Series released in 1978.Charles Rooner in El revoltoso Film released in 1951.Dwayne Roszkowski in The Butterfly Effect 3: Revelations Film released in 2009.Arthur Rubin in The Patty Duke Show TV Series released in 1963.Joseph Ruskin in The Man from U.N.C.L.E. TV Series released in 1964.Ronald (I) Russell in The Duchess of Duke Street TV Series released in 1976.Kevin (III) Russo in Beneath the Rind Film released in 2012.David Ryall in Drummonds TV Series released in 1985.David Ryall in Once Upon a Time TV Series released in 1973.Daniel (I) Ryan in Just William TV Series released in 2010.Paul (I) Sass in American Primitive Film released in 2009.Ronnie Schell in The Mouseketeers at Walt Disney World TV Film released in 1977.Paul (IV) Schneider in Bright Star Film released in 2009.Friedrich Schoenfelder in Begegnung im Herbst TV Film released in 1977.Travis Seaborn in Ingl�s Film released in 2011.Robert Segari in Animate Your Dead Date Film released in 2014.Dave Seoane in Happily Never After Film released in 2012.Anthony Sharp in All Gas and Gaiters TV Series released in 1966.Will E. Sheerer in When an Old Maid Gets Busy Film released in 1912.Fred (I) Sherman in Hi, Neighbor Film released in 1942.Aaron (I) Shirley in Tales of the Unexpected TV Series released in 1979.Brian Shoop in The Only Oly Film released in 2013.Michael (I) Showers in The Tree of Life Film released in 2011.Frank Sieman in Over to William TV Series released in 1956.Bert Simms in Cider with Rosie TV Film released in 1971.Doug (VI) Simpson in Babysitter's Black Book TV Film released in 2015.Franz Skondrup in Bytte Roller Film released in 1914.Phillips Smalley in The Irresistible Lover Film released in 1927.Howard (I) Smith in The Aldrich Family TV Series released in 1949.Jacey Smith in No Remorse Film released in 2012.Nathan L. Smith in Laugh at My Pain Film released in 2011.Sidney (I) Smith in A Surprise Party Film released in 1914.Scott Sowers in Money Train Film released in 1995.Arthur Space in Tortilla Flat Film released in 1942.Jake (I) Spencer in My Name is Curtis Film released in 2010.George Sperdakos in Zero One TV Series released in 1962.David Spielberg in ABC Afterschool Specials TV Series released in 1972.John Standing in Paddington Bear TV Series released in 1989.Ford Sterling in A Temperamental Husband Film released in 1912.Bobby (I) Stewart in Annie O TV Film released in 1997.Skeets Stoddard in Blue Magic Film released in 1981.Rob (I) Straight in The Heartless Film released in 2013.Tony Tanaka in Qin yong Film released in 1989.Donald Tandy in Dr. Finlay's Casebook TV Series released in 1962.Quentin Tarantino in Reservoir Dogs Film released in 1992.C. Throoby in The Hero of the Dardanelles Film released in 1915.Dan (I) Tobin in Dream Wife Film released in 1953.James Tolkan in They Might Be Giants Film released in 1971.David Torrence in Brown of Harvard Film released in 1926.Glenn Tryon in Two-Time Mama Film released in 1927.Nicholas Tucci in The Cobblestone Corridor Film released in 2015.Dermot Tuohy in The Wednesday Play TV Series released in 1964.Gerald (I) Turner in The Worker TV Series released in 1965.William H. Turner in The Changeling Film released in 1914.Bobby Vail in Mister Peepers TV Series released in 1952.Peter Van Wagner in Soul Man TV Series released in 1997.Siegbert Wagner in H�ndel - Der Film TV Film released in 2009.Edwin Wallock in Brown's New Monetary Standard Film released in 1913.Grahame Warrander in Pirates of Port Royal Film released in 2015.Barth Warren in Donnerwetter! Donnerwetter! Bonifatius Kiesewetter Film released in 1969.Cameron (I) Watson in Pacific Blue TV Series released in 1996.Wyn Weaver in Our Girls and Their Physique, No. 4 Film released in 1920.Wyn Weaver in Our Girls and Their Physique, No. 5 Film released in 1920.Wyn Weaver in Our Girls and Their Physique, No. 6 Film released in 1920.Wyn Weaver in Our Girls and Their Physique: No. 1 Film released in 1920.Wyn Weaver in Our Girls and Their Physique: No. 2 Film released in 1920.Wyn Weaver in Our Girls and Their Physique: No. 3 Film released in 1920.Lockwood West in William TV Series released in 1962.Michael Weyandt in Manuela Film released in 2013.Philip Whitchurch in Monarch of the Glen TV Series released in 2000.Colton White in Billie's Double Film released in 1916.Ray (VII) White in The Flying Doctor TV Series released in 1959.Ernest Whitman in King for a Day Film released in 1934.Chris (I) Wiggins in Ace Ventura: Pet Detective TV Series released in 1995.Fred Willard in City Guys TV Series released in 1997.Nathan Willcocks in United Passions Film released in 2014.Bryon Williams in I Can Jump Puddles TV Film released in 1981.Paul (I) Williamson in Namastey London Film released in 2007.Larry Wilmore in The Office TV Series released in 2005.Carl Winsberg in Jag dr�pte Film released in 1943.Donald Wolfit in Room at the Top Film released in 1959.Anthony Woodruff in The Chequered Flag TV Series released in 1960.Charles (I) Workman in Quick Before They Catch Us TV Series released in 1966.Trevor Wykes in Lunchtime Film released in 2005.Kenny Yeretzian in God's Prayer Film released in 2007.Yale Benner in The Summer Girl Film released in 1911.Fonzworth Bentley in Puzzled Film released in 2015.Sven Bergvall in Vi tre Film released in 1940.Fran�ois (I) Bernard in De gevangenis TV Film released in 1970.Edward Binns in Alfred Hitchcock Presents TV Series released in 1955.Frank (I) Birch in Will Any Gentleman...? Film released in 1953.Mel Blanc in The Jack Benny Program TV Series released in 1950.Billy Blanks in Timebomb Film released in 1991.Brian Blondell in Blast from the Past Film released in 1999.James (I) Booth in Keeping Mum Film released in 2005.James (I) Booth in Keeping Mum: Deleted Scenes Video released in 2006.Wade Boteler in Rulers of the Sea Film released in 1939.Dave (IV) Bowers in Blood Creek Woodsman Film released in 2013.John (II) Boxer in Deadline Midnight TV Series released in 1960.Jack Brawn in The Maid from Sweden Film released in 1914.John E. Brennan in Smoked to a Finish Film released in 1913.Timothy Brennen in Louis Grant TV Series released in 2012.Tommy Brierley in The Practice TV Series released in 1985.Harlan Briggs in Mysterious Intruder Film released in 1946.Peter Brocco in Quincy M.E. TV Series released in 1976.Walter Brooke in Letter to Loretta TV Series released in 1953.Stephen (XLVIII) Brown in The X-Terminators Film released in 2009.Tremain Brown in The Don of Dons Film released in 2014.William Lyon Brown in The Worker TV Series released in 1965.Norman (II) Budd in The Big Bet Film released in 1985.John Bunny in Her Hero Film released in 1911.John Bunny in Stenographers Wanted Film released in 1912.Mark (I) Burns in Dirty Weekend Film released in 1993.Neal (I) Burns in Dodging Trouble Film released in 1926.Jerry (I) Butler in The Best Little Whorehouse in San Francisco Video released in 1984.Lucas (I) Calhoun in Vacation Bible Lemonade Film released in 2008.Alister Cameron in Screenplay TV Series released in 1986.David Capstick in Ara Film released in 2015.Owen Carey Jones in A Mind of Her Own Film released in 2006.Peter (I) Carroll in A Country Practice TV Series released in 1981.Robert (I) Carson in The Lone Ranger TV Series released in 1949.Jonathan Cecil in Farmers Arms TV Film released in 1983.Richard Chandler Sr. in Heaven and Hell Film released in 2010.Sydney Chaplin in A doppia faccia Film released in 1969.Antonio D. Charity in Life at the Claymores Film released in 2011.Erik Chitty in The �1,000,000 Bank Note TV Series released in 1968.Anthony Chrysostom in The Planet of Junior Brown Film released in 1997.Berton Churchill in Redhead Film released in 1934.Dudley Clements in Test Pilot Film released in 1938.Bob Cloutier in Crime Wave Film released in 1985.Dick Coburn in The Amateur Burglar Film released in 1913.Dick Cogan in The Jackpot Film released in 1950.Clifton Collins Jr. in ER TV Series released in 1994.Leon (I) Collins in Smith TV Series released in 1970.Walter Connolly in The Girl Downstairs Film released in 1938.Richard (I) Conte in The Big Combo Film released in 1955.Clyde (I) Cook in So This Is Marriage? Film released in 1924.Ashley (I) Cowan in The Scarlet Coat Film released in 1955.Ric Coy in Mr. & Mrs. Smith TV Series released in 1996.Jeff (III) Coyne in Jest Originals TV Series released in 2011.Stephen (IV) Crane in L8r TV Series released in 2004.Donald (I) Crisp in National Velvet Film released in 1944.Robert Crite in One Christmas Eve Film released in 2011.Philip Croskin in Os Maias TV Series released in 2001.Hugh Cross in Just William TV Series released in 1976.Paul (I) Cross in Buying the Farm Film released in 2015.Roger (I) Cudney in El hombre sin miedo Film released in 1980.Richard (II) Cummings in Mrs. Brown's Burglar Film released in 1913.F�lix Dafauce in Il marchio di Kriminal Film released in 1968.Van Dart in Rag City Padre Film released in 1999.Keith (I) Davis in Short Eyes Film released in 1977.Jean Dax in Monsieur, Madame et Bibi Film released in 1932.Eric De Gama in The Reflecting Pool Film released in 2008.Alex (I) Dee in Reservoir Dogs Film released in 2006.Joel Dehlin in Alma and King Noah's Court Video released in 2005.Joel Dehlin in Samuel the Lamanite Video released in 2006.Ivan Desny in Odio le bionde Film released in 1980.Edward Dillon in After the Ball Film released in 1910.Edward Dillon in Too Many Burglars Film released in 1911.Charles Dingle in Lux Video Theatre TV Series released in 1950.David Dodimead in The Emigrants TV Series released in 1976.James Dombek in September 30, 1955 Film released in 1977.Terence (I) Donovan in Strange Behavior Film released in 1981.David Dontoh in Chronicles of OdumkromThe Headmaster Film released in 2015.William Duff-Griffin in Hero Film released in 1992.David (II) Dunbar in The Wars Film released in 1983.Jay Dwiggins in Mary Jane Film released in 1913.Jay Dwiggins in Mary Jane Entertains Film released in 1914.Jay Dwiggins in Mr. Santa Claus Film released in 1914.Neely Edwards in Love, Honor and Oh Baby! Film released in 1933.Craig Eldridge in Soul Food TV Series released in 2000.Colin (III) Ellis in Theatre 625 TV Series released in 1964.Fred Emney in Just William Film released in 1940.Nick Falcon in A Love Letter for You Film released in 2011.Charles Fawcett in Fermi tutti... arrivo io! Film released in 1953.Frank (II) Fenton in A Modern Marriage Film released in 1950.Fred Ferris in Private Investigator TV Series released in 1958.Antoni Fertner in Bolek i Lolek Film released in 1936.Colin Firth in Nanny McPhee Film released in 2005.Eric (I) Flynn in Mr. Brown Comes Down the Hill Film released in 1965.Niles Ford in Mr. Brown Film released in 2006.Grant Foreman in The Stolen Heart Film released in 1913.Alec B. Francis in Their Charming Mama Film released in 1911.Billy Franey in Hubby's Cure Film released in 1915.Billy Franey in The Bravest of the Brave Film released in 1915.Carl (I) Frank in Mandrake the Magician TV Film released in 1954.David Fresco in The Bob Newhart Show TV Series released in 1972.Otto Fries in Taxi Beauties Film released in 1928.Olaf F�nss in Lotteriseddel No. 22152 Film released in 1916.
Do you know?
Role of Homosexual in T�voli is potrayed by which actor?
Character of Themselves in Kisv�ros is played by which actor?
Which actor played Akira kawamura in 39 mai no nengaj�?
Who played the role of Paul - Kind/Paul, as child in Schlafes Bruder?
Role of Hajni ?ccse in Indi�n t�l is potrayed by which actor?
Who played the role of Appenzeller in The Ring Thing?
Which actor played Anwalt in Das Haus ihres Vaters?
Character of Banker in Heimspiel is played by which actor?
Role of Narrator in Sch�pfung ohne Ende is potrayed by which actor?
Who played Mr. Brown Which actors played the role of Mr. Brown.